WAR MEMORIALS AND MUSEUMS OF INDIA

War memorial Kargil

In the winter of 1998-1999, the Pakistani Army crossed the Line of Control (LoC) and occupied numerous heights dominating the National Highway and roads connecting Leh (Ladakh) and Kargil to Srinagar. The Indian Army launched Operation VIJAY in May 1999 to retake the territory, leading to fierce battles in the harsh mountainous environment. A memorial has been constructed at the site to honour Indian troops in the year 2000. The memorial in its present form was constructed by the Indian Army in November 2014.

 

The central feature of the memorial is a pink sandstone wall bearing a brass plate engraved with names of the soldiers who had made supreme sacrifice during Operation VIJAY. Visible from the site are the Tololing Heights, Tiger Hill, and Point 4875 (Batra Top), where fighting took place during the conflict. The memorial features the Captain Manoj Pandey gallery, which commemorates a young officer who was posthumously awarded the Param Vir Chakra, India's highest military award, for leadership during the war.

 

The central feature of the memorial is a pink sandstone wall bearing a brass plate engraved with names of the soldiers who had made supreme sacrifice during Operation VIJAY. Visible from the site are the Tololing Heights, Tiger Hill, and Point 4875 (Batra Top), where fighting took place during the conflict. The memorial features the Captain Manoj Pandey gallery, which commemorates a young officer who was posthumously awarded the Param Vir Chakra, India's highest military award, for leadership during the war.

Location :

It is located on Dras-Kargil highway, 270 Km from Leh.

URL: https://goo.gl/maps/3HGCgsrkFQ3Q4znK7

Timing:

National War Memorial, Delhi

Since-Independence, more than 26,000 soldiers of the Indian Armed Forces have made the supreme sacrifice to defend the sovereignty and integrity of the country. The National War Memorial represents the gratitude of a nation to its Armed Forces. The Memorial helps strengthen the sense of belonging, high moral values, sacrifice and national pride in it’s citizens. It stands testimony to the sacrifices made by soldiers during various conflicts, United Nations Operations, Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Response Operations since Independence. It also showcases rich military traditions of Armed Forces as a shining example of selfless service to the nation.

 

The memorial complex is in harmony with the existing layout and symmetry of the majestic Rajpath and Central Vista. Solemnity of the ambience is maintained with an emphasis on landscaping and the simplicity of architecture. Apart from the main memorial, there is dedicated area for busts of soldiers who have been conferred with ‘Param Vir Chakra’, the nation’s highest gallantry award. The design of the main memorial exemplifies that supreme sacrifice made by a soldier in the line of duty not only makes him immortal but also depicts that the spirit of a soldier remains eternal. The memorial has distinct scheme of concentric circles:-

 

Rakshak Chakra : Circle of Protection. The row of trees in the Rakshak Chakra is a reassurance to the citizens of the country about their safety against any threat, with each tree representing the soldiers who ensure the territorial integrity of the Nation, round the clock.

Tyag Chakra : Circle of Sacrifice. The circular concentric walls of honour, which symbolize the ancient war formation ‘Chakravyuh’. The walls are clad with granite tablets where an independent granite tablet is dedicated to each soldier who has made the supreme sacrifice where his name is etched in golden letters.

Veerta Chakra : Circle of Bravery. A covered gallery that exhibits six murals crafted in bronze depicting valiant battles actions of Armed Forces.

Amar Chakra : Circle of Immortality. This has an Obelisk with Eternal Flame. The flame symbolizes the immortality of the spirit of fallen soldiers with the assurance that the Nation will never forget their sacrifices.

Param Yodha Sthal. The Param Yodha Stahal is dedicated to the nation’s highest gallantry award ‘Param Vir Chakra’ (PVC) recipients and designed with well laid out pathways, landscaping, individual busts in bronze of all 21 recipients till date.

Location :

National War memorial is located East of India Gate and spread over 40 acres across three lawns of ‘C Hexagon’ in New Delhi.

URL: https://goo.gl/maps/iSCGJda2nPgFXdZe8

Timing:

Open daily.

Entry restricted on certain days / timings.

9 am - 7:30 pm (Nov- Mar - last admission 7 pm)

9 am - 8.30 pm (Apr- Oct - last admission 8.00 pm)

Entry : Free

INS Khukri Museum at Gujarat, Daman and Diu Area

It is a memorial to the British Type 14 frigate of the Indian Navy. During the 1971 Indo-Pak war, on 09.12.1971, the ship fell prey to three torpedoes fired on her by Pakistani submarine. She sank 40 nm off the coast of Diu taking down with her a crew of 18 officers and 176 sailors. Captain Mahendra Nath Mulla, Maha Vir Chakra (Posthmus) of the Indian Navy, then the Commanding Officer, chose to go down with the warship in the true naval traditions. The memorial depicts the model of the ship and was inaugurated on 15.12.1999 as a tribute to the gallant officers and sailors who laid down their lives for the country.

Location :

URL: https://goo.gl/maps/QjnsGmjfkJLTNafPA

Timing:

Open daily.

Entry restricted on certain days / timings.

9 am - 7:30 pm (Nov- Mar - last admission 7 pm)

9 am - 8.30 pm (Apr- Oct - last admission 8.00 pm)

INS Kursura Museum, Visakhapatnam

The Maritime History Society operates an interim Naval Heritage Display at the first floor of Noorbhoy Building at Fort, Mumbai. Conservation and archiving of collections are being undertaken through in house efforts and support of Naval Dockyard, Mumbai. School students and NCC Cadets visits with prior appointment. It is presently not open to the common public.

Location :

URL: https://goo.gl/maps/6nnMDdjAuG5XVoc78

Timing:

Naval Aviation Museum, Bogmallo Branch Road, Goa

The Naval Aviation Museum was inaugurated and opened to the public on 12.10.1998 to preserve the rich history of Indian Naval Aviation and spread awareness about the “Air Arm” of the Indian Navy. The Museum houses 15 Aircraft, Aero Engines, audio visual show, Ship/Submarine models, Selfie corner and Souvenir shop. The Museum is administered under the aegis of Naval Aircraft Yard (Goa).

Location :

URL: https://g.page/indian-naval-aviation-museum?share

Timing:

War memorial Leh

The Hall of Fame, located near the Leh Airfield, is a museum constructed as well as maintained by the Indian Army. The building consists of two floors. It houses a well-presented museum which mostly commemorates the army's role in Ladakh from helping populace with cloudburst relief in 2010 to the high-altitude battles fought with Pakistan during the 20th century and includes a 30 minute film introducing the 1999 'Kargil War'. A room displays clothing worn by soldiers at -50ºC. An attached 'Adventure Park' combines assault course and archery range.

 

It is located adjacent to the museum it commemorates the soldiers who have made ultimate sacrifices to the nation.

Location :

The Museum is located approx 2 Km away from Leh Airport on Leh-Kargil road.

URL: https://goo.gl/maps/Y1onqkd5kSu6v9va9

Timing: